The aquatic monitoring covers the measurement of microclimatic, hydrological, physico-chemical and biological variables in the catchment of river Traunbach. These measurements are carried out with permanently applied data loggers for the measurement of abiotic environmental variables, supplemented by sampling of the species communities (fish, aquatic macro invertebrates, flying insects) in a 14-day to annual rhythm, depending on species group. Project-based, additional environmental data are collected.
In the National Park, over 50 self-timer photo traps have been distributed to capture the larger mammal and bird species found in the National Park. In this project, we screen the pictures of the photo-traps for the National Park, determine the photographed species of animals and record the data in a database. From this data, we create spatial activity profiles of the occurring species and analyze day- and seasonal activity patterns. In addition, we investigate how double captures of the same individual on series of images can be avoided.
A significant proportion of the images taken by the photogenic traps are also false triggering (e.g. there is no animal in the picture). Detecting and sorting out the false alarms causes effort. We analyze the conditions under which false triggering occurs in order to minimize it.
It is now common knowledge that the global climate is getting warmer. But what does it look like in our National Park? In this project, the Competence Centre for Climate Change Impacts in Rhineland-Palatinate has provided us with temperature and precipitation data from Rhineland-Palatinate measured at weather stations since 1880. From these data we have selected the measuring stations, which are located in the area of today's National Park Hunsrück-Hochwald and an adjacent buffer region of 5km, and from this we have produced clear graphs of the development of temperature (mean annual temperature, number of hot days, frost days,...) and precipitation (annual sum, precipitation in summer, precipitation in winter,...) over the this period. In addition to these measured data from the past, we have compiled and visualized the regional forecasts for future temperature development in the National Park region for various model scenarios of the Intergovernmental Platform on Climate Change (IPCC).
In a second part of the project, we have reviewed scientific studies that investigate how animal and plant species occurring in the national park will react to climate change. At the end of the project we presented our results to the national park rangers and handed them all material for use on tours in the national park.
Why do beaver teeth always stay sharp? What makes the leaves of certain plant species slippery for pest insects? How does a tree stabilize its crown? In the course of evolution, animals and plants have developed highly efficient adaptations to a variety of problems. Scientists from the field of bionics are trying to solve technical problems by copying processes and functions from the animal and plant kingdoms. In this project, we have compiled examples of bionic products whose biological models can be seen in the National Park and have provided the bionic products as illustrative material. At the end of the project, we worked out a hiking route through the national park, on which the natural models and the technical models developed from them can be explained at various stations.
All materials were handed over to the ranger team of the National Park. They can now use these items on their own tours or offer the complete bionics tour.